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Educational Standards:

Understanding & Finding Standards

Standards can be confusing. Standards documents often include expectations for basic skills, which are a different consideration than curriculum standards. Also, different standards are targeted to different grade ranges; for example K-4, 5-8, and 9-12 vs. K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12.

Most states have adopted the national standards in a given subject area. But many states have also added standards to cover additional topics, such as their state's history.

Achieve, Inc., and McREL (Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning) have organized K-12 content standards according to a uniform cataloging structure, much like the Dewey Decimal System. Their database of state content standards in mathematics, science, social studies, and English/language arts allows users, including teachers, parents, and researchers, to search the different formats and "benchmark" groupings in each state.

National Standards by Subject
State Standards
Additional Standards Resources

National Standards by Subject

Arts (dance, music, theatre, visual arts):



English/Language Arts:

Foreign Language:






State Standards

To learn more about the Achieve and McREL state standards database, go to

To search the Achieve and McREL standards database by state, go to

The Department of Education in each state is another good place to learn about state standards. For links to all state Department of Education Web sites, go to

Additional Standards Resources

Achieve, Inc.:
Achieve, Inc., is an independent, bipartisan, nonprofit organization that helps states raise academic standards, measure performance against those standards, establish clear accountability for results, and strengthen public confidence in our education system.

Business Roundtable:
The Business Roundtable is an association of chief executive officers of leading U.S. corporations. The chief executives are committed to advocating public policies that foster vigorous economic growth, a dynamic global economy, and a well-trained and productive U.S. workforce essential to future competitiveness. As part of its mission, the Business Roundtable has an Education Task Force that works to improve student achievement in the U.S. and ensure that high school graduates are prepared to succeed in today's changing world.

Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing:
Funded by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Educational Research and Improvement, the National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST) is a unique partnership of UCLA's Graduate School of Education and Information Studies and its Center for the Study of Evaluation. CRESST focuses on the assessment of educational quality, addressing persistent problems in the design and use of assessment systems to serve multiple purposes.

In the spring of 1996, the founders of Education World recognized the need for a Web site that would make the Internet easier for educators to use. They wanted to create a home for educators on the Internet, a place where teachers could gather and share ideas. This is a complete online resource where educators can find the lesson plans and research materials they need.

McREL (Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning):
McREL is a private, nonprofit organization whose purpose is to improve education through applied research and development. McREL provides products and services, primarily for K-12 educators, to promote the best instructional practices in the classroom.

Thomas B. Fordham Foundation:
The Thomas B. Fordham Foundation supports research, publications, and action projects of national significance in elementary/secondary education reform, as well as significant education reform projects in Dayton, Ohio, and its vicinity.

In this section:
    Educational Standards

>      Understanding
        & Finding Standards

    Making Media

    Cooperative Learning

    Multiple Intelligences

    The 5 E's

    Additional Teaching
    & Learning Strategies

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